Interaction of sigma-1 receptor modulators with seizure development in pentylenetetrazole-induced kindled mice.


Shiraz Neuroscience Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]


This study aimed to investigate the effects of sigma receptor modulators, opipramol and BD-1063, on epileptogenesis in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindling model of epilepsy. Mice (n = 6/group) were received PTZ (30 mg/kg), PTZ plus opipramol (5 or 10 mg/kg), PTZ plus opipramol (5 mg/kg) plus BD-1063 (5 mg/kg, a selective sigma-1 receptor antagonist), and PTZ plus BD-1063 on alternate days for 15 days. Opipramol (5 and 10 mg/kg) + PTZ groups became fully kindled and had higher seizure scores compared to the PTZ group. In contrast, the PTZ plus BD-1063 and the PTZ plus opipramol (5 mg/kg) plus BD-1063 group did not show full kindling. These findings indicate that opipramol has a pro-convulsant effect, which is possibly mediated through activation of sigma-1 receptors.


Mice,Opipramol,Pentylenetetrazole,Seizure,Sigma-1 receptors,