Interfacial Dynamics in Lipid Membranes: The Effects of Headgroup Structures.

Affiliation

Valentine ML(1), Waterland MK(1), Fathizadeh A(2), Elber R(1)(2), Baiz CR(1).
Author information:
(1)Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712-1224, United States.
(2)Oden Institute for Computational Science and Engineering, Austin, Texas 78712, United States.

Abstract

Phospholipid membranes support essential biochemical processes, yet remain difficult to characterize due to their compositional and structural heterogeneity. The two most common phospholipid headgroup structures in biological membranes are phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), but interactions between PC and PE lipids remain underexplored. In this study, we apply ultrafast two-dimensional infrared (2D IR) spectroscopy to quantify the headgroup effects on interfacial dynamics in PC/PE lipid mixtures. Experiments are interpreted through molecular dynamics simulations using the molecular dynamics with alchemical step (MDAS) algorithm for enhanced sampling. Experimental results indicate that the PE content decreases H-bond formation at the ester carbonyl positions near the lipid membrane's hydrophobic core as a result of increased packing density. The observed dehydration is linked to faster molecular dynamics within the interfacial region.