Interspecific variation of seed morphological and micro-morphological traits in the genus Vicia (Fabaceae).

Affiliation

Han S(1), Sebastin R(1), Lee KJ(1), Wang X(1), Shin MJ(1), Kim SH(1), Lee S(1), Lee JR(1), Cho GT(1), Hyun DY(1), Chung JW(2).
Author information:
(1)National Agrobiodiversity Center, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Jeonju, Republic of Korea.
(2)Department of Industrial Plant Science and Technology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Seed macro- and micro-morphology were analyzed to evaluate their capacity to discriminate species in the genus Vicia (Fabaceae). To assess the interspecific variation of the taxa in the genus Vicia, 41 accessions were obtained from the USDA-ARS germplasm collection in the USA and 19 accessions were collected from Korea. Seed morphological characteristics such as shape, color, mottling, finish, length, width, diameter, hilum shape, hilum color, hilum length, and lens distance from the hilum were examined under a stereomicroscope. Testa texture characteristics such as testa pattern, papillae type, density, height, ribbing, surface deposits, and peaks topped with wax were examined under scanning electron microscopy. Various gross-morphological traits of seeds of Vicia species have been analyzed and compared. The present study revealed significant variation in testa traits. Testa were papillose and papillose with mounds, the latter being observed only in Vicia lathyroides. The present study revealed 20 key traits that could be used to diagnose Vicia species and classify them.