Introduction of an antifouling photoelectrode: an effective strategy for a high-performance photoelectrochemical cytosensor.

Affiliation

Key Laboratory of Optic-electric Sensing and Analytical Chemistry for Life Science, MOE, Shandong Key Laboratory of Biochemical Analysis, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, China. [Email] [Email] and State Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China. [Email]

Abstract

As nonspecific adsorption or biofouling has obvious side effects on the selectivity, it is a great challenge for cytosensors to detect target cells in practical biological samples. In this study, we first propose the design and synthesis of an antifouling photoelectrode. The antifouling photoelectrode not only has the desired photocurrent response, but also possesses an unexpected antifouling capability of resisting nonspecific adsorption of biomolecules. Herein, the PEDOT-HPG/SnS/ZnO-NT antifouling photoelectrode was formed and a robust photoelectrochemical cytosensor with enhanced sensitivity and selectivity has been demonstrated.

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