Investigating patients' attitudes toward receiving care from an opposite-gender nurse.

Affiliation

Sharifi S(1), Valiee S(2), Nouri B(3), Vatandost S(4).
Author information:
(1)Tohid hospital, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
(2)Clinical Care Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
(3)Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
(4)Clinical Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The imbalance in nurse-to-patient ratio and limited physical space may lead to care provision by a nurse of the opposite gender. On the other hand, the relationship with the opposite gender in Iran is limited due to cultural and religious beliefs. The aim of this study was to investigate patients' attitudes toward receiving care from the opposite gender nurse. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 200 patients admitted to different hospital wards. The patients were recruited using convenience sampling. Data collection tools comprised of a demographic questionnaire and a researcher-made questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS (version 16) and running descriptive statistics (i.e., χ2 , independent t test, and linear regression analysis). RESULTS: Male and female patients had 31.8% and 42.6% negative attitudes toward receiving care from the opposite gender, respectively, indicating a statistically significant difference (p = .05). Patients' attitudes had a significant and positive relationship with age, level of education, and experience of receiving care from a nurse of the opposite gender. CONCLUSION: A significant percentage of patients had a negative attitude toward receiving care from the opposite-gender nurse. Since people's attitudes affect their relationships, it is necessary to provide conditions for assigning the same gender nurse for patients and improving patients' attitudes toward nurses of the opposite gender.