Isokinetic strength training of kinetic chain exercises of a professional tennis player with a minor partial internal abdominal oblique muscle tear - A case report.

Affiliation

Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sports of Sciences, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : To present a case of a right-handed professional tennis player with a left internal abdominal oblique muscle tear sustained while serving. We document the progress of a rehabilitation program consisting of primarily kinetic chain isokinetic strength training where symmetrical measurements (<10% side difference) of force and dynamic postural control were used as criteria for return to sport.
METHODS : Isokinetic exercises (bilateral rotational pull, unilateral vertical press and unilateral anterior push) to target trunk specific demands of the serve (flexion, rotation and lateral flexion) were done using robotic resistance. Dynamic postural control was assessed using the hand reach star excursion balance test (HSEBT). The rehabilitation program lasted 3.5 weeks (eight sessions).
RESULTS : At baseline isokinetic strength tests that imposed concentric muscle function demands of the injured muscle had lower force measurements (range: -32.1 to -71.9%). These force measurements improved (range: 166.1-296.5%) and were symmetrical (range: +1.6 to +7.3%) on return to sport. In addition, the HSEBT test with the greatest asymmetry (-20 cm) improved to symmetrical (+2 cm) on return to sport.
CONCLUSIONS : Symmetrical isokinetic force and dynamic postural control measurements were successful return to sport criteria as the player since has remained pain free (2 years).

Keywords

Abdominal strain,Dynamic postural control,Isokinetic strength training,