Joint Association of Moderate-to-vigorous Intensity Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior With Incident Functional Limitation: Data From the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

Affiliation

Master H(1), Thoma LM(2), Dunlop DD(3), Christiansen MB(4), Voinier D(5), White DK(6).
Author information:
(1)H. Master, PT, PhD, MPH, Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Sciences, and Biomechanics and Movement Science Interdisciplinary Program, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, and Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.
(2)L.M. Thoma, PT, DPT, PhD, Division of Physical Therapy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
(3)D.D. Dunlop, PhD, Department of Medicine, and Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.
(4)M.B. Christiansen, PT, DPT, PhD, Fern Health, Inc. New York, New York.
(5)D. Voinier, PT, DPT, D.K. White, PT, ScD, Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Sciences, and Biomechanics and Movement Science Interdisciplinary Program, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.
(6)D. Voinier, PT, DPT, D.K. White, PT, ScD, Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Sciences, and Biomechanics and Movement Science Interdisciplinary Program, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA. [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the joint association of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior with the risk of developing functional limitation 4 years later in adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Using 48-month (baseline) accelerometry data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative, we classified participants as Active-Low Sedentary (≥ 1 10-min bout/week of MVPA, lowest tertile for standardized sedentary time), Active-High Sedentary (≥ 1 10-min bout/week of MVPA, top 2 tertiles for standardized sedentary time), Inactive-Low Sedentary (zero 10-min bouts/week of MVPA, lowest tertile for standardized sedentary time), and Inactive-High Sedentary (zero 10-minute bouts/week of MVPA, top 2 tertiles for standardized sedentary time) groups. Functional limitation was defined as > 12 seconds for the 5-repetition sit-to-stand test (5XSST) and < 1.22 m/s gait speed during the 20-meter walk test. To investigate the association of exposure groups with risk of developing functional limitation 4 years later, we calculated adjusted risk ratios (aRR; adjusted for potential confounders). RESULTS: Of 1091 and 1133 participants without baseline functional limitation, based on the 5XSST and 20-meter walk test, respectively, 15% and 21% developed functional limitation 4 years later. The Inactive-Low Sedentary and Inactive-High Sedentary groups had increased risk of developing functional limitations compared to the Active-Low Sedentary and Active-High Sedentary groups. The Inactive-Low Sedentary group had 72% (aRR 1.72, 95% CI 1.00-2.94) and 52% (aRR 1.52, 95% CI 1.03-2.25) more risk of developing functional limitation based on the 5XSST and 20-meter walk test, respectively, compared to the Active-Low Sedentary group. CONCLUSION: Regardless of sedentary category, being inactive (zero 10-min bouts/week in MVPA) may increase the risk of developing functional limitation in adults with knee OA.