Kushneria phosphatilytica sp. nov., a phosphate-solubilizing bacterium isolated from a solar saltern.


Du GX(1)(2), Qu LY(1)(3), Hong XG(1), Li CH(2), Ding DW(1)(2), Gao P(1), Xu QZ(1).
Author information:
(1)Key Laboratory of Marine Eco-Environmental Science and Technology, First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources
(MNR), Qingdao, Shandong 266061, PR China.
(2)School of Marine Sciences, Ningbo University, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315832, PR China.
(3)Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong 266237, PR China.


A Gram-stain-negative, motile, rod-shaped, non-endospore-forming, aerobic and halophilic bacterium, designated strain YCWA18T, was isolated from the sediment of Jimo-Daqiao saltern in China. This strain was able to grow at NaCl concentrations in the range 0.5-20 % (w/v) with optimum growth at 6 % (w/v) NaCl. Growth occurred at temperatures of 4-40 °C (optimum 28 °C) and pH 4.0-9.0 (optimum 7.0). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain YCWA18T belonged to the genus Kushneria and shared the highest sequence similarity of 98.7 % with Kushneria sinocarnis DSM 23229T. Moreover, the phylogenetic analysis based on the 23S rRNA gene sequence also confirmed the phylogenetic position of this novel strain. The predominant fatty acids were C16 : 0, C17 : 0 cyclo and C12 : 0 3-OH. The major isoprenoid quinone was Q-9 (94.2 %) and the polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), an unidentified aminolipid (AL), an unidentified phospholipids (PL) and two unidentified lipids (L). The complete genome of strain YCWA18T consisted of a single, circular chromosome of 3 624 619 bp, with an average G+C content of 59.1 mol%. A genome-based phylogenetic tree constructed using an up-to-date bacterial core gene set (UBCG) showed that strain YCWA18T formed a clade with K. sinocarnis DSM 23229T. However, the level of the ANI and dDDH values between strain YCWA18T and K. sinocarnis DSM 23229T were 82.3 and 24.6 %, respectively, which were low enough to distinguish strain YCWA18T from K. sinocarnis DSM 23229T. Overall, based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic and genomic analyses, strain YCWA18T represents a novel species of genus Kushneria. The name Kushneria phosphatilytica sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain YCWA18T (=CGMCC 1.9149T=NCCB 100306T).