Lactation-related mammary gland pathologies-A neglected emergency in the bitch.


Vasiu I(1), Dąbrowski R(2), Tvarijonaviciute A(3).
Author information:
(1)Department and Clinic of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
(2)Department and Clinic of Animal Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences, Lublin, 20-612, Poland.
(3)Interlab-UMU, Regional Campus of International Excellence "Mare Nostrum", University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.


Mastitis is a common reproductive disorder in bitches, reaching a prevalence of 0.71%. Mastitis has a wide range of forms, from asymptomatic to severe gangrenous mastitis that can lead to septic shock and death of the bitch and nurslings. However, most of the time it is overlooked, undiagnosed or mistreated. The present systematic review was performed to revise and summarize the existing knowledge related to this disorder, including diagnosis, treatment and prevention.