Lactobacillus johnsonii L531 reduces pathogen load and helps maintain short-chain fatty acid levels in the intestines of pigs challenged with Salmonella enterica Infantis.

Affiliation

College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In the current study, we screened Lactobacillus strains isolated from the colon of clinically healthy weaned piglets for potential probiotic properties and isolated Lactobacillus. johnsonii L531, which produced high levels of beneficial metabolites (butyric, acetic, and lactic acid) in vitro. We also evaluated the efficacy of this metabolites-producing probiotic in treating Salmonella. Infantis infection. Oral administration of L. johnsonii L531 to newly weaned piglets significantly decreased levels of Salmonella colonization in colonic and jejunal contents, accelerated the clearance of Salmonella in feces after infection, and reduced S. Infantis translocation to the spleen. Pretreatment with SCFAs-promoting probiotic L. johnsonii L531 significantly ameliorated the depletion of SCFAs induced by S. Infantis infection and led to significantly greater weight gain and better feed conversion ratios compared to piglets challenged only with S. Infantis. These data provide further evidence that SCFAs-promoting probiotic L. johnsonii L531 treatment could be a suitable nonantibiotic alternative for controlling Salmonella infection and maintaining metabolic homeostasis, thereby enhancing the gut health of piglets during the critical weaning period.

Keywords

Lactobacillus. johnsonii,Pig,Probiotic,Salmonella Infantis,Short-chain fatty acid,

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