Light-Triggered Transformable Ferrous Ion Delivery System for Photothermal Primed Chemodynamic Therapy.

Affiliation

He T(1), Yuan Y(1), Jiang C(1), Blum NT(1), He J(1), Huang P(1), Lin J(1).
Author information:
(1)Marshall Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering, International Cancer Center, Laboratory of Evolutionary Theranostics
(LET), School of Biomedical Engineering, Shenzhen University Health Science Center, Shenzhen, 518060, China.

Abstract

Chemodynamic therapy (CDT) involves the catalytic generation of highly toxic hydroxyl radicals (. OH) from hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) through metal-ion-mediated Fenton or Fenton-like reactions. Fe2+ is a classical catalyst ion, however, it suffers easy oxidation and systemic side-effects. Therefore, the development of a controllable Fe2+ delivery system is a challenge to maintain its valence state, reduce toxicity, and improve therapeutic efficacy. Reported here is a near-infrared (NIR) light-triggered Fe2+ delivery agent (LET-6) for fluorescence (FL) and photoacoustic (PA) dual-modality imaging guided, photothermal primed CDT. Thermal expansion caused by 808 nm laser irradiation triggers the transformation of LET-6 to expose Fe2+ from its hydrophobic layer, which primes the catalytic breakdown of endogenous H2 O2 within the tumor microenvironment, thus generating . OH for enhanced CDT. LET-6 shows remarkable therapeutic effects, both in vitro and in vivo, achieving 100 % tumor elimination after just one treatment. This high-performance Fe2+ delivery system provides a sound basis for future synergistic metal-ion-mediated cancer therapy.