Limosilactobacillus balticus sp. nov., Limosilactobacillus agrestis sp. nov., Limosilactobacillus albertensis sp. nov., Limosilactobacillus rudii sp. nov. and Limosilactobacillus fastidiosus sp. nov., five novel Limosilactobacillus species isolated from the vertebrate gastrointestinal tract, and proposal of six subspecies of Limosilactobacillus reuteri adapted to the gastrointestinal tract of specific vertebrate hosts.


Li F(1), Cheng CC(2), Zheng J(3), Liu J(1), Quevedo RM(1), Li J(1), Roos S(4), Gänzle MG(1), Walter J(2)(5)(1).
Author information:
(1)Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2E1, Canada.
(2)Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2E1, Canada.
(3)Huazhong Agricultural University, State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Hubei Key Laboratory of Agricultural Bioinformatics, Wuhan, Hubei, 430070, PR China.
(4)Department of Molecular Sciences, Uppsala BioCenter, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, 750 07, Sweden.
(5)APC Microbiome Ireland, School of Microbiology, and Department of Medicine, University College Cork, Cork, T12 YT20, Ireland.


Ten strains, BG-AF3-AT, pH52_RY, WF-MT5-AT, BG-MG3-A, Lr3000T, RRLNB_1_1, STM3_1T, STM2_1, WF-MO7-1T and WF-MA3-C, were isolated from intestinal or faecal samples of rodents, pheasant and primate. 16S rRNA gene analysis identified them as Limosilactobacillus reuteri. However, average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values based on whole genomes were below 95 and 70 %, respectively, and thus below the threshold levels for bacterial species delineation. Based on genomic, chemotaxonomic and morphological analyses, we propose five novel species with the names Limosilactobacillus balticus sp. nov. (type strain BG-AF3-AT=DSM 110574T=LMG 31633T), Limosilactobacillus agrestis sp. nov. (type strain WF-MT5-AT=DSM 110569T=LMG 31629T), Limosilactobacillus albertensis sp. nov. (type strain Lr3000T=DSM 110573T=LMG 31632T), Limosilactobacillus rudii sp. nov. (type strain STM3_1T=DSM 110572T=LMG 31631T) and Limosilactobacillus fastidiosus sp. nov. (type strain WF-MO7-1T=DSM 110576T=LMG 31630T). Core genome phylogeny and experimental evidence of host adaptation of strains of L. reuteri further provide a strong rationale to consider a number of distinct lineages within this species as subspecies. Here we propose six subspecies of L. reuteri: L. reuteri subsp. kinnaridis subsp. nov. (type strain AP3T=DSM 110703T=LMG 31724T), L. reuteri subsp. porcinus subsp. nov. (type strain 3c6T=DSM 110571T=LMG 31635T), L. reuteri subsp. murium subsp. nov. (type strain lpuph1T=DSM 110570T=LMG 31634T), L. reuteri subsp. reuteri subsp. nov. (type strain F 275T=DSM 20016T=ATCC 23272T), L. reuteri subsp. suis subsp. nov. (type strain 1063T=ATCC 53608T=LMG 31752T) and L. reuteri subsp. rodentium subsp. nov. (type strain 100-23T=DSM 17509T=CIP 109821T).