Liver disease is an independent predictor of poor 30-day outcomes following surgery for degenerative disease of the cervical spine.


Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


The impact of underlying liver disease on surgical outcomes has been recognized in a wide variety of surgical disciplines. However, less empiric data are available about the importance of liver disease in spinal surgery.


Cervical spine,Cirrhosis,Complications,Degenerative disease,Liver disease,Mortality,NSQIP,