Long-Term Conductive Auditory Deprivation During Early Development Causes Irreversible Hearing Impairment and Cochlear Synaptic Disruption.

Affiliation

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Conductive hearing loss is a prevalent condition globally. It remains unclear whether conductive hearing loss that occurs during early development disrupts auditory peripheral systems. In this study, a mouse model of conductive auditory deprivation (CAD) was achieved using external auditory canal closure on postnatal day 12, which marks the onset of external ear canal opening. Short-term (2 weeks) and long-term (6 weeks) deprivations involving external ear canal closure were conducted. Mice were examined immediately, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks after deprivation. Short-term deprivation induced reversible auditory brainstem response (ABR) threshold and latencies of ABR wave I, whereas long-term deprivation caused irreversible ABR thresholds and latencies of ABR wave I. Complete recovery of ribbon synapses and latencies of ABR wave I was observed in the short-term group. In contrast, we observed irreversible ABR thresholds, latencies of ABR wave I, and quantity of ribbon synapses in the long-term deprivation group. Positive 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine signals were noted in cochlear hair cells in the long-term group, suggesting that long-term auditory deprivation could disrupt auditory maturation via mitochondrial damage in cochlear hair cells. Conversely, no significant changes in cellular morphology were observed in cochlear hair cells and spiral ganglion cells in either short- or long-term groups. Collectively, our findings suggest that long-term conductive hearing deprivation during early stages of auditory development can cause significant and irreversible disruption that persists into adulthood.

Keywords

cochlea,conductive auditory deprivation,hair cells,hearing loss,ribbon synapses,spiral ganglion cells,

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