Long-term Outcomes of Stand-Alone Maze IV for Persistent or Long-standing Persistent Atrial Fibrillation.


Department of Cardiac Surgery, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: [Email]


The study sought to assess the long-term outcomes of the stand-alone Cox-Maze IV procedure in symptomatic patients with refractory, persistent, or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (AF).

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