Management of Intracranial Stenotic Disease in Cancer Patients Treated With Vasotoxic Agents.

Affiliation

Departments of Neurosurgery and Radiology, Huntington Memorial Hospital, Pasadena, CA. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : To summarize the characteristics of and therapeutic options for cancer patients whose treatments may be vasotoxic and cause intracranial arterial stenotic disease and stroke.
METHODS : We describe 3 patients with symptomatic cerebrovascular pathology that were being actively treated for cancer.
RESULTS : Two of the patients were being treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs); and the third was being treated with 2 monoclonal antibodies, one of which was targeting an endothelial growth factor. These agents have been associated with vascular adverse events. Surgical revascularization was done in the first 2 patients, as they were suffering from cerebral ischemia. The third patient had suffered a significant brain hemorrhage, and therapeutic options were limited. In the first 2 patients, treatments also included antiplatelet agents and stopping/changing the TKI. In one of these patients we demonstrated regression of arterial stenosis after changing the TKI.
CONCLUSIONS : Possibilities for treatment in this population, beyond the usual medical and surgical administrations, may include stopping or changing cancer drugs that may be related to the development of arterial pathology. Collaboration with oncologists is essential in this subset of patients. While aware of the potential for vascular toxicity, oncologists are often not fully appreciative of the fact that their therapeutic agents can cause stroke.

Keywords

Stroke,cancer,immunotherapy,moyamoya,targeted therapy,