Management of orbital rhabdomyosarcoma in a child with Li-Fraumeni syndrome.


Department of Ophthalmology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario. Electronic address: [Email]


This case highlights the management of orbital rhabdomyosarcoma in a child with Li Fraumeni syndrome (LFS). Treatment with chemotherapy and eventual orbital exenteration enabled margin-free control of the tumor. Radiation therapy was avoided to reduce the risk of inducing additional malignancy. Reactive orbital hyperostosis was observed postoperatively and was confirmed with surgical biopsy of the orbital roof. In this case, systemic surveillance imaging, which is necessary in patients with LFS, revealed an adrenal cortical carcinoma.