Mediating Effects of Risk Perception on Association between Social Support and Coping with COVID-19: An Online Survey.


Li DJ(1)(2)(3), Ko NY(4), Chang YP(5), Yen CF(1)(6), Chen YL(7)(8).
Author information:
(1)Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City 80708, Taiwan.
(2)Department of Nursing, Meiho University, Pingtung 91202, Taiwan.
(3)Department of Addiction Science, Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiatric Hospital, Kaohsiung City 802211, Taiwan.
(4)Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City 70140, Taiwan.
(5)School of Nursing, The State University of New York, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA.
(6)Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung City 80708, Taiwan.
(7)Department of Healthcare Administration, Asia University, Taichung City 41354, Taiwan.
(8)Department of Psychology, Asia University, Taichung City 41354, Taiwan.


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a novel infectious disease which has had a great impact on the public. Further investigations are, therefore, needed to investigate how the public copes with COVID-19. This study aimed to develop a model to estimate the mediating effects of risk perception and confidence on the association between perceived social support and active coping with the COVID-19 pandemic among people in Taiwan. The data of 1970 participants recruited from a Facebook advertisement were analyzed. Perceived social support, active coping with COVID-19, risk perception and confidence were evaluated using self-administered questionnaires. Structural equation modeling was used to verify the direct and indirect effects between variables. The mediation model demonstrated that lower perceived social support was significantly associated with a higher level of active coping with COVID-19, and this was mediated by a higher level of risk perception. The present study identified the importance of risk perception on the public's coping strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic.