Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Joint International Research Laboratory of Precision Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Feringa Nobel Prize Scientist Joint Research Center, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) based on sulfate radicals (SO4⋅-) suffer from low conversion rate of Fe(III) to Fe(II) and produce a large amount of iron sludge as waste. Herein, we show that by using MoO2 as a cocatalyst, the rate of Fe(III)/Fe(II) cycling in PMS system accelerated significantly, with a reaction rate constant 50 times that of PMS/Fe(II) system. Our results showed outstanding removal efficiency (96%) of L-RhB in 10 min with extremely low concentration of Fe(II) (0.036 mM), outperforming most reported SO4⋅--based AOPs systems. Surface chemical analysis combined with density functional theory (DFT) calculation demonstrated that both Fe(III)/Fe(II) cycling and PMS activation occurred on the (110) crystal plane of MoO2, whereas the exposed active sites of Mo(IV) on MoO2 surface were responsible for accelerating PMS activation. Considering its performance, and non-toxicity, using MoO2 as a cocatalyst is a promising technique for large-scale practical environmental remediation.