Methionine synthase A2756G polymorphism influences pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia risk: a meta-analysis.

Affiliation

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital, and College of Clinical Medicine of Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471023, Henan Province, China [Email]

Abstract

Plenty of studies have investigated the effect of methionine synthase (MTR) A2756G polymorphism on risk of developing pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but the available results were inconsistent. Therefore, a meta-analysis was conducted to derive a more precise estimation of the association between MTR A2756G polymorphism and genetic susceptibility to pediatric ALL. The PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, Wanfang Databases and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were systematically searched to identify all the previous published studies exploring the relationship between MTR A2756G polymorphism and pediatric ALL risk. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were applied to evaluate the strength of association. Sensitivity analysis and publication bias were also systematically assessed. This meta-analysis finally included ten available studies with 3224 ALL cases and 4077 matched controls. The results showed that there was significant association between MTR A2756G polymorphism and risk of pediatric ALL in overall population (AG vs. AA: OR = 1.13, 95%CI = 1.02-1.26, P = 0.02; AG+GG vs. AA: OR = 1.13, 95%CI = 1.02-1.25, P = 0.01; G allele vs. A allele: OR = 1.10, 95%CI = 1.01-1.20, P = 0.03). In the stratification analyses by ethnicity, quality score and control source, significant association was found in Caucasians, population-based designed studies and studies assigned as high quality. In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggests that MTR A2756G polymorphism may influence the development risk of pediatric ALL in Caucasians. Future large scale and well-designed studies are required to validate our findings.

Keywords

leukaemia,meta analysis,methionine synthase,single nucleotide polymorphisms,susceptibility,