Mixed-charge pseudo-zwitterionic mesoporous silica nanoparticles with low-fouling and reduced cell uptake properties.

Affiliation

Chemistry in Pharmaceutical Sciences Department, Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry Unit, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Hospital 12 de Octubre i+12, Plaza Ramón y Cajal s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain; CIBER Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine, CIBER-BBN, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The design of drug delivery systems needs to consider biocompatibility and host body recognition for an adequate actuation. In this work, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) surfaces were successfully modified with two silane molecules to provide mixed-charge brushes (-NH3⊕/-PO3⊝) and well evaluated in terms of surface properties, low-fouling capability and cell uptake in comparison to PEGylated MSNs. The modification process consists in the simultaneous direct-grafting of hydrolysable short chain amino (aminopropyl silanetriol, APST) and phosphonate-based (trihydroxy-silyl-propyl-methyl-phosphonate, THSPMP) silane molecules able to provide a pseudo-zwitterionic nature under physiological pH conditions. Results confirmed that both mixed-charge pseudo-zwitterionic MSNs (ZMSN) and PEG-MSN display a significant reduction of serum protein adhesion and macrophages uptake with respect to pristine MSNs. In the case of ZMSNs, this reduction is up to a 70-90% for protein adsorption and c.a. 60% for cellular uptake. This pseudo-zwitterionic modification has been focused on the aim of local treatment of bacterial infections through the synergistic effect between the inherent antimicrobial effect of mixed-charge system and the levofloxacin antibiotic release profile. These findings open promising future expectations for the effective treatment of bacterial infections through the use of mixed-charge pseudo-zwitterionic MSNs furtive to macrophages and with antimicrobial properties. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Herein a novel antimicrobial mixed-charge pseudo-zwitterionic MSNs based system with low-fouling and reduced cell uptake behavior has been developed. This chemical modification has been performed by the simultaneous grafting of short chain organosilanes, containing amino and phosphonate groups, respectively. This nanocarrier has been tested for local infection treatment through the synergy between the antimicrobial effect of mixed-charge brushes and the levofloxacin antibiotic release profile.

Keywords

Antimicrobial properties,Levofloxacin release,Low-fouling properties,Macrophage uptake,Mesoporous silica nanoparticles,Mixed-charge brushes,Pseudo-zwitterionic surface,