Molecular mechanism of crolibulin in complex with tubulin provides a rationale for drug design.

Affiliation

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Microtubules (MTs) is one of the most important proteins in eukaryotic cells and plays a key role in the maintenance of cell morphology and cell division. The discovery and development of small molecule drugs targeting MTs has always been an important direction of anti-cancer research. Nowadays 4-Aryl-4H-chromenes have emerged as potent microtubule-targeting agents (MTAs) for various cancers. Crolibulin, a derivative of 4-Aryl-4H-chromenes, which has been progressed to Phase I/II clinical testing's for anaplastic thyroid cancer with the National Cancer Institute. However, the design and development of 4-Aryl-4H-chromenes family drugs have been hindered for a long time by the lack of structural information of the tubulin-agent complex. Here we report a 2.5 Å crystal structure of tubulin complexed with crolibulin. This complex structure reveals the interactions between crolibulin and tubulin, helps explain the results of the structure-activity-relationship (SAR) studies and provides a solid structural basis for the design and development of new 4-Aryl-4H-chromenes derivatives as MTAs.

Keywords

4-Aryl-4H-chromenes,Crolibulin,Crystal structure,Drug design,Tubulin,

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