Non-matrigel scaffolds for organoid cultures.

Affiliation

Kaur S(1), Kaur I(2), Rawal P(3), Tripathi DM(2), Vasudevan A(2).
Author information:
(1)Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: [Email]
(2)Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India.
(3)Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India; School of Biotechnology, Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, UP, India.

Abstract

Organoids are three-dimensional cell cultures mostly from tissue-resident or embryonic stem cells (one or multiple) on hydrogels along with defined growth factors. Currently, matrigel is the most commonly employed matrix for 3D organoid cultures. However, certain undesirable attributes of matrigel have paved the way for several other natural and synthetic hydrogel scaffolds for organoid cultures. In this review, we discuss the constraints of matrigel and describe other alternative scaffolds that have been used for organoid cultures. Given the potential of organoids in a plethora of therapeutic and pharmaceutical applications, it is indeed imperative to develop defined and customized hydrogels other than the matrigel.