Notch inhibition enhances graft-versus-leukemia while reducing graft-versus-host disease.

Affiliation

Department of Hematology, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510230, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Graft-versus host disease (GVHD) remains the most significant complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Dissociation of graft versus-leukemia (GVL) activity from GVHD has yet to be achieved. In this study, we used γ-secretase inhibitor (GSIs, DAPT) to inhibit Notch signaling in GVHD and GVL murine model. We found that CD11c+CD80+ dendritic cells (DCs) were up-regulated but did not enhance GVHD. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) and central memory T cells that express high levels of CD62L and CD44 had an expansion after Notch inhibition. Reduced Tumor Necrosis Factor-α and increased Interferon-γ production were found, which might be ascribed to the expansion of Tregs and central memory T cells, and result in increased sensitivity of tumor cells to cytotoxic T lymphocyte activity. Fas Receptor-Fas Ligand interaction plays a critical role in GVL instead of aGVHD. Fas Ligand expressions were similar in recipients with or without Notch inhibition, suggesting that GVL activity was maintained. We showed that Notch inhibition could enhances GVL while reducing GVHD via modulating host DCs and donor T cell activity, and the production of inflammatory cytokines.

Keywords

Cancer,Graft-versus-host disease,Leukemia,Notch,Transplantation,