Novel green chitosan-pectin gel beads for the removal of Cu(II), Cd(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solution.

Affiliation

Shao Z(1), Lu J(1), Ding J(1), Fan F(1), Sun X(1), Li P(2), Fang Y(3), Hu Q(1).
Author information:
(1)College of Food Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023, China.
(2)College of Food Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023, China. Electronic address: [Email]
(3)College of Food Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Chitosan-pectin gel beads (CPBs) were synthesized via a facile and green method and applied to remove heavy metals from aqueous solution. The structural characteristics of CPBs were investigated by SEM and FTIR, the mechanical strength of CPBs was measured by Texture Analyzer and the stability of CPBs was evaluated in acidic solution. To study the adsorption characteristics, the effect of pH, contact time, initial heavy metals concentration, temperature, adsorption mechanism and regeneration were systematically investigated. The adsorption kinetics fitted well pseudo-second-order model, and the adsorption isotherms were well described by Langmuir model. The maximum adsorption capacities of Cu(II), Cd(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II) were 169.4, 177.6, 208.5 and 266.5 mg/g, respectively. The adsorption-desorption experiments revealed that the CPBs exhibited a great reusability. Thus, the synthesized CPBs in this study had the potential to be utilized as an environment-friendly and green adsorbent for the removal of heavy metals.