Organic amendments affect dissolved organic matter composition and mercury dissolution in pore waters of mercury-polluted paddy soil.

Affiliation

Key Laboratory of Environmental Criterial and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, 100012, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Organic amendments (OA) have been applied in many mercury (Hg)-polluted paddy soils to meet increasing food demands with scarce land resources. However, little is known on the effects of different OAs on Hg dissolution and the composition of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in soil pore waters, both of which may be associated with Hg mobility. Consequently, DOM composition and Hg release levels were investigated in soil pore waters after applying food waste compost (FC), fulvic acids (FA) and humic acids (HA) to Hg-polluted paddy soils. FA and HA treatments promoted increased abundances of humic- and fulvic-like substances in pore water DOM while FC amendment increased soluble microbial by-products. FA amendment and high levels of both HA and FC amendments greatly promoted Hg dissolution in pore waters that could be attributed to the complexation of Hg with different DOM components. However, among all DOM components, only UVA fulvic and visible humic-like substances were positively correlated with Hg release levels and total organic carbon. These results indicate that discrepant DOM compositions are induced by different OA. Further, these differences may be associated with differential Hg dissolution in pore waters. Consequently, FA amendment and high level of FC or HA amendments should be limited to reduce potential Hg release into pore waters.

Keywords

Dissolved organic carbon,Mercury (Hg),Organic fertilizers,Parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC),Three-dimensional excitation-emission (3D-EEM) spectroscopy,

OUR Recent Articles