Organic contaminants removal from industrial wastewater by CTAB treated synthetic zeolite Y.

Author

Monireh Sadat Hosseini Hashemi

Affiliation

Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), P.O. Box 14155-4838, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Due to environmental issues, wastewater treatment is a main concern for most industries and providing access to clean and affordable water is one of the big challenges. Besides, industrial wastewater contains many pollutants, one of the most toxic contaminants is organics. Currently, zeolites are widely used as an adsorbent to remove such pollutants. This study examines a surfactant modified zeolite Y (SMZY), as an applicable solution, to get over this problem. Here, zeolite Y, synthesized from bentonite, is used as an adsorbent basis. Then, it is characterized by XRD, FTIR, BET, SEM, and TGA. Next, it is modified by hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant in different concentrations. These SMZYs are used to adsorb organic contaminants of an olefin plant wastewater. Based on adsorption capacity evaluated by several isotherms, such as Langmuir, Freundlich, Sips and Dubinin-Radushkevich, total organic carbon (TOC) content of wastewater reduced up to 89%. The optimum modification method and possible mechanism for obtaining this result is presented in the current research. Furthermore, to understand the nature of adsorption process, Van der Waals, hydrophobic, and electrostatic interactions are determined. The results indicate that adsorption process depends on both hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions.

Keywords

Adsorption thermodynamic,Industrial wastewater treatment,Surfactant modified zeolite,Synthetic zeolite Y,Zeta potential,