Outcomes by Gender and Ethnicity After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Affiliation

Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Limited data on gender differences by ethnicity after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) exist. In this prospective cohort study, we examined gender differences in 1-year outcomes among patients from 4 ethnic groups who underwent PCI from 2010 to 2016 at a tertiary center. The primary outcome was 1-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) defined as composite of all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization. Secondary outcomes included composite of death or MI and individual components of MACE. Baseline characteristics and outcomes were compared between gender in each ethnic group. The study included 16,361 patients: 7,881 whites (26.1% women), 1,943 blacks (47.3% women), 2,621 Asians (22.6% women), and 3,916 Hispanics (39.3% women). Women were older with more co-morbidities than men. Unadjusted, women had higher incidence of 1-year MACE than men among whites and Asians but not blacks or Hispanics, which was driven by a greater incidence of death in white women and greater incidence of MI in Asian women compared with male counterparts. After adjustment, findings showed similar risk of 1-year MACE in women versus men in whites, Asians, and Hispanics (Whites: hazard ratio [HR] 0.95, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.78 to 1.16; Asians: HR 1.14, 95% CI 0.77 to 1.67; Hispanics: HR 0.97, 95% CI 0.74 to 1.27). Black women had lower risk of 1-year MACE compared with black men (HR 0.67, 95% CI 0.46 to 0.97), driven by lower risk of death or MI. In conclusion, this study suggests that risk factors account for adverse events in women after PCI.

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