Panax notoginseng saponins promote endothelial progenitor cell angiogenesis via the Wnt/β-catenin pathway.

Affiliation

Zhu P(#)(1)(2)(3), Jiang W(#)(1)(2)(3), He S(1)(2), Zhang T(1)(2)(3), Liao F(1)(2)(3), Liu D(1)(2), An X(1), Huang X(4)(5)(6), Zhou N(7)(8)(9).
Author information:
(1)Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, People's Republic of China.
(2)Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of Stomatology, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, People's Republic of China.
(3)Guangxi Key Laboratory of Oral and Maxillofacial Rehabilitation and Reconstruction; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Disease Treatment, Guangxi Clinical Research Center for Craniofacial Deformity, Nanning, 530021, People's Republic of China.
(4)Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, People's Republic of China. [Email]
(5)Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of Stomatology, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, People's Republic of China. [Email]
(6)Guangxi Key Laboratory of Oral and Maxillofacial Rehabilitation and Reconstruction; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Disease Treatment, Guangxi Clinical Research Center for Craniofacial Deformity, Nanning, 530021, People's Republic of China. [Email]
(7)Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, People's Republic of China. [Email]
(8)Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of Stomatology, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, People's Republic of China. [Email]
(9)Guangxi Key Laboratory of Oral and Maxillofacial Rehabilitation and Reconstruction; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Disease Treatment, Guangxi Clinical Research Center for Craniofacial Deformity, Nanning, 530021, People's Republic of China. [Email]
(#)Contributed equally

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is an effective treatment in craniomaxillofacial surgery. However, the issue of sufficient blood supply at the regeneration tissue has limited its wide application. Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) is a Traditional Chinese Medicine that is commonly used to treat a range of angiogenic diseases. However, the mechanisms whereby PNS alters angiogenesis in endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have yet to be clarified. METHODS: EPCs were identified by immunofluorescence, confirmed by their uptake of fluorescently labeled Dil-ac-LDL and FITC-UEA-1. EPCs were treated with different concentrations of PNS, and the effects of PNS on cell proliferation were measured on the optimal concentration of PNS determined. The effects of PNS on angiogenesis and migration, angiogenic cytokines mRNA expression and the proteins of the Wnt pathway were investigated. Then knocked down β-catenin in EPCs and treated with the optimum concentrational PNS, their angiogenic potential was evaluated in tube formation and migration assays. In addition, the expression of cytokines associated with angiogenesis and Wnt/β-catenin was then assessed via WB and RT-qPCR. RESULTS: We were able to determine the optimal concentration of PNS in the promotion of cell proliferation, tube formation, and migration to be 6.25 mg/L. PNS treatment increased the mRNA levels of VEGF, bFGF, VE-Cadherin, WNT3a, LRP5, β-catenin, and TCF4. After knocked down β-catenin expression, we found that PNS could sufficient to partially reverse the suppression of EPC angiogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, 6.25 mg/L PNS can promote EPC angiogenesis via Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activation.