Pediatric bone evaluation with HR-pQCT: A comparison between standard and height-adjusted positioning protocols in a cohort of teenagers with chronic kidney disease.

Affiliation

Centre de Référence des Maladies Rénales Rares, Hôpital Femme Mère Enfant, 69677 Bron, France; INSERM UMR 1033, Lyon, France; Centre d'investigation clinique, EPICIME, Lyon, France; Faculté de Médecine Lyon Est, Université Lyon 1, Lyon, France. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : High-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) evaluates different components of bone fragility. The positioning and length of the region of interest (ROI) in growing populations remain to be defined.
METHODS : Using HR-pQCT at the ultradistal tibia, we compared a single-center cohort of 28 teenagers with chronic kidney disease (CKD) at a median age of 13.6 (range, 10.2-19.9) years to local age-, gender-, and puberty-matched healthy peers. Because of the potential impact of short stature, bone parameters were assessed on two different leg-length-adjusted ROIs in comparison to the standard analysis, namely the one applied in adults. The results are presented as median (range).
RESULTS : After matching, SDS height was -0.9 (-3.3;1.6) and 0.3 (-1.4;2.0) in patients and controls, respectively (P<0.001). In younger children (e.g., prepubertal, n=11), bone texture parameters and bone strength were not different using standard analysis. However, using a height-adjusted ROI enabled better characterization of cortical bone structure. In older patients (e.g., pubertal, n=17), there were no differences for height between patients and controls: with the standard evaluation, cortical bone area and cortical thickness were significantly lower in CKD patients: 85 (50-124) vs. 108 (67-154) mm2 and 0.89 (0.46-1.31) vs 1.09 (0.60-1.62) mm, respectively (both P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS : Adapting the ROI to leg length enables better assessment of bone structure, especially when height discrepancies exist between controls and patients. Larger cohorts are required to prospectively validate this analytic HR-pQCT technique.

Keywords

Children,Chronic kidney disease,HR-pQCT,Leg length,Positioning,Region of interest,