Periodontitis and gingival bleeding associate with intracranial aneurysms and risk of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Affiliation

Hemorrhagic Brain Pathology Research Group, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland. [Email]

Abstract

Oral bacteria DNA has been found in intracranial aneurysms (IA) and a high prevalence of periodontitis was reported in IA patients. We investigated whether periodontitis associates with IA formation and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). First, we compared in a case-control setting the prevalence of periodontal disease in IA patients (42 unruptured IA, 34 ruptured IA) and in age- and gender-matched controls (n = 70) from the same geographical area (Health 2000 Survey, BRIF8901). Next, we investigated whether periodontitis at baseline associated with aSAH in a 13-year follow-up study of 5170 Health 2000 Survey participants. Follow-up data was obtained from national hospital discharge and cause of death registries. Univariate analysis, logistic regression, and Cox-regression were used. Periodontitis (≥ 4mm gingival pocket) and severe periodontitis (≥ 6mm gingival pocket) were found in 92% and 49% of IA patients respectively and associated with IAs (OR 5.3, 95%CI 1.1-25.9, p < 0.000 and OR 6.3, 95%CI 1.3-31.4, p < 0.001, respectively). Gingival bleeding had an even stronger association, especially if detected in 4-6 teeth sextants (OR 34.4, 95%CI 4.2-281.3). Severe periodontitis in ≥ 3 teeth or gingival bleeding in 4-6 teeth sextants at baseline increased the risk of aSAH during follow-up (HR 22.5, 95%CI 3.6-139.5, p = 0.001 and HR 8.3, 95%CI 1.5-46.1, p = 0.015, respectively). Association of periodontitis and gingival bleeding with risk of IA development and aSAH was independent of gender, smoking status, hypertension, or alcohol abuse. Periodontitis and gingival bleeding associate with increased risk for IA formation and eventual aSAH. Further epidemiological and mechanistic studies are indicated.

Keywords

Gingivitis,Intracranial aneurysm,Periodontitis,Risk of rupture,Subarachnoid hemorrhage,