Perioperative management of oral anticoagulated patients undergoing an oral, implant, or periodontal procedure: a survey of practices of members of two dental scientific societies, the PRADICO study.

Affiliation

Faculté de chirurgie dentaire, Département de médecine orale et de chirurgie orale, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France. [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : Studies on the perioperative management of patients on direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) receiving oral invasive procedures are sparse. Moreover, the recommendations of the scientific societies on DOACs are discordant, and the practices are highly variable. We conducted a survey of general and specialized dentists in France to compare their practices concerning the management of patients receiving vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) and DOACs.
METHODS : Members of two dental surgical societies were invited to participate in the survey. One hundred forty-one practitioners answered an online questionnaire focusing on the periprocedural management of oral anticoagulated patients (participation rate, 17.8%).
RESULTS : Practitioners at hospitals or mixed practices and specialists treated significantly more anticoagulated patients and more frequently performed procedures with high hemorrhagic risk than practitioners with private practice and general dentists. Greater than 90% of practitioners did not modify the treatment for patients on VKAs and controlled the International Normalized Ratio (INR) preoperatively. Regarding DOACs, 62.9% of practitioners did not change the treatment, 70.8% did not prescribe any biological tests, and 13.9% prescribed an INR. Practitioners at hospitals and mixed practices and specialists had better training and knowledge about DOACs.
CONCLUSIONS : This survey showed that anticoagulated patients were managed mostly by specialists in private or hospital care, notably when requiring oral procedures at high hemorrhagic risk.
CONCLUSIONS : A growing proportion of anticoagulated patients are being treated by dentists in primary care. Consequently, they need training, especially concerning DOACs. Additionally, consensus recommendations are necessary for better coordination of stakeholders and patient safety. Trial registration on ClinicalTrials.gov : NCT03150303.

Keywords

Anticoagulants,Direct oral anticoagulants,Oral surgery,Periprocedural management,Practices,Survey,Vitamin K antagonists,

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