Photobiomodulation preconditioned human semen protects sperm cells against detrimental effects of cryopreservation.

Affiliation

Safian F(1), Ghaffari Novin M(2), Nazarian H(3), Shams Mofarahe Z(4), Abdollahifar MA(5), Jajarmi V(6), Karimi S(7), Kazemi M(8), Chien S(9), Bayat M(10).
Author information:
(1)Department of Biology and Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]
(2)Department of Biology and Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Men's Health and Reproductive Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]
(3)Department of Biology and Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Men's Health and Reproductive Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]
(4)Department of Biology and Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]
(5)Department of Biology and Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]
(6)Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]
(7)Department of Biology and Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]
(8)Department of Biology and Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]
(9)Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville, Noveratech LLC of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA. Electronic address: [Email]
(10)Department of Biology and Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Price Institute of Surgical Research, University of Louisville, Noveratech LLC of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The biological consequences of semen samples preconditioning with photobiomodulation (PBM) were studied on human sperm cells post cryopreservation. Donated semen samples were collected from 22 married men with normal sperm parameters according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Included samples were divided into control and PBM-preconditioning (one session, 810 nm, diode laser, and 0.6 J/cm2) groups before cryopreservation procedure. Progressive sperm motility (PSM), morphology, viability, sperm mitochondrial membrane potential(MMP), intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation of sperm cells were assessed post thawing. PBM preconditioning of cryopreserved semen samples most prominently increased the PSM percentage 30 min post thawing (p = 0.000).Application of PBM before cryopreservation significantly increased the number of viable spermatozoa (p = 0.000), increased significantly the number of spermatozoa with high MMP (p = 0.004) and decreased significantly the number of spermatozoa with low MMP post-thawing(P = 0. 007)compared to control group. Cryopreserved human sperm cells with PBM preconditioning showed significant decrease in the levels of intracellular ROS (47.66 ± 2.14 versus 60.42 ± 3.16, p = 0.002) and lipid peroxidation (3.06 ± 0.13 versus 3.68 ± 0.27, p = 0.05)compared to control group. Our findings, as the first evidence, indicated that PBM-preconditioning of human semen before cryopreservation provides a real and substantial advantage. This might lead to a novel strategy in improving PBM application in the procedures of assisted reproductive technologies.