Photochemical degradation of BPF, BPS and BPZ in aqueous solution: Identification of transformation products and degradation kinetics.

Affiliation

Toxicological Centre, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Bisphenols (BPs) are industrial chemicals that are used as monomers in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. These compounds can leach into the aqueous environment, where they can potentially have toxic effects. The aim of this study was to assess the photochemical degradation of three common bisphenols: BPF, BPS and BPZ in aqueous solution and determine their degradation kinetics and characterise their transformation products. Three independent experiments were performed based on: 1) direct photolysis using UV irradiation, 2) cyclodextrin-enhanced photolysis and 3) the photo-Fenton reaction. Analysis was performed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-QTOF-MS). This approach enabled for the first time a comparison between various conditions of photochemical degradation, revealing to be an effective way of removing (>90%) BPF, BPS and BPZ from aqueous samples. In all cases, degradation followed a pseudo-first order kinetic profile, while removal efficiency and formation of transformation products depended on the applied process. The photo-Fenton process resulted in the shortest half-lives (16.1 ̶ 21.7 min) and generated the highest number of transformation products. Overall, in this study we identified 11 novels and eight previously reported TPs.

Keywords

Bisphenol,Kinetics,Photodegradation,Transformation product,UV irradiation,