Department of Biomedical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Biomaterials of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, College of Life Science and Technology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China. Electronic address: [Email]
A magnetic-pH dual responsive drug delivery system was prepared for antibacterial therapy to reduce the side effects on nonpathological cells or tissues. Iron oxide (Fe3O4) core was surface-functionalized with silane coupling agents to link β‑cyclodextrin (β-CD) (CDMNP), and a polypseudorotaxanes shell where polyethyleneglycol chains threaded much CD molecules was further prepared on the magnetic Fe3O4 core (CDMNP-PEG-CD) to enhance loading capacity of roxithromycin (ROX). CDMNP-PEG-CD with a hydrodynamic diameter of ~168 nm was cytocompatible, superparamagnetic, magnetic-responsive and stable for 180 min of storage. No significant interaction with serum albumin was shown for the nanocomposites. The in vitro release from ROX-loaded CDMNP-PEG-CD nanocomposites was about 76% of total drug within 30 min at pH 1.0, 1.6-fold of that at pH 7.4 and 2-fold of that at pH 8.0, presenting pH-responsive drug release behaviors. The nanocomposites showed positive antibacterial activity against both E. coli and S. aureus based on an agar diffusion method. The antibacterial activity of the nanocomposites was more sensitive against E. coli than S. aureus, and the inhibition halo against E. coli was 85% more than that of Fe3O4. CDMNP-PEG-CD nanocomposites allowed for the localization and fast concentration of hydrophobic drugs, providing a broad potential range of therapeutic applications.