Porous scaffolds from droplet microfluidics for prevention of intrauterine adhesion.

Affiliation

State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Severe intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) have a great negative impact on women's psychological and reproductive health. It remains a significant challenge to prevent postoperative IUAs because of the complications of various clinical preventive measures and incompatibility of uterine cavity morphology. Herein, we present a new drug-loadedporous scaffold based on a microfluidic droplet template, which combines the characteristics of the artificial biocompatible material GelMA and the natural polysaccharide material Na-alginate. By changing the containers that collect the microfluidic droplets, the porous scaffold conforming to the shape of the uterine cavity could be obtained. The porous structure, mechanical property, and flexibility impart the scaffold with compressibility and send it to the uterus through the vagina. In addition, the external-internal connected open structures could load and control the release of drugs to repair the damaged region continuously in vivo. To verify the antiadhesion and repair of drug-loaded porous scaffolds, we tested the system in the rat model of IUAs, and it was demonstrated that the system had the ability to improve neovascularization, cellularize the damaged tissue, and repair the endometrium. These features provide the drug-loaded porous scaffolds with new options for the improvement of postoperative IUAs. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Intrauterine adhesions are caused by various causes of damage to the endometrial basal layer, thus leading to part or entire adhesions in the cervical or uterine cavity. Clinically, various preventive measures reach the barrier effect through the physical barrier, which are difficult to further promote the repair of the damaged endometrium, and most of them have apparent side effects. This study aims to prepare compressible and biodegradable three-dimensional porous drug-loading biological scaffolds. GelMA and Na-alginate have desirable biocompatibility. The interconnect porous scaffolds, which were prepared through the combination of biomaterials and single emulsion microfluidics, not only have compressibility but also provide space for drug delivery and release. This system can further promote the repair of the endometrium while preventing adhesion.

Keywords

Biomaterial,Droplet,Hydrogel,Intrauterine adhesion,Microfluidics,Scaffold,