Preparation and Evaluation of Quinapyramine Sulphate-Docusate Sodium Ionic Complex Loaded Lipidic Nanoparticles and Its Scale Up Using Geometric Similarity Principle.

Affiliation

Prayag KS(1), Paul AT(1), Ghorui SK(2), Jindal AB(3).
Author information:
(1)Department of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, Pilani Campus, Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan, 333031, India.
(2)ICAR- National Research Centre on Camel, Jorbeer, Bikaner, Rajasthan, 334001, India.
(3)Department of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, Pilani Campus, Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan, 333031, India. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The objective of the present work is to prepare and evaluate ionically complexed Quinapyramine sulphate (QS) loaded lipid nanoparticles and its scale up using geometric similarity principle. Docusate sodium (DS), at a molar ratio of 1:2 of QS to DS, was used to prepare hydrophobic Quinapyramine sulphate-Docusate sodium (QS-DS) ionic complex. Based on the difference in total solubility parameter and polarity of QS-DS complex and different lipids, precirol was selected as a lipid for the preparation of lipidic nanoparticles. The particle size, zeta potential, and % entrapment efficiency (%EE) of QS-DS ionic complex loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (QS-DS-SLN) was found to be 250.10 ± 26.04 nm, -27.41 ± 4.18 mV and 81.26 ± 4.67% respectively. FTIR studies confirmed the formation of QS-DS ionic complex. DSC and XRD studies revealed the amorphous nature of QS in QS-DS-SLN. The spherical shape of nanoparticles was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. QS-DS-SLN showed sustained release of QS for up to 60 h. No significant difference was observed in particle size, zeta potential, and % entrapment efficiency of pilot-scale batch prepared by using rotational speed of 700 rpm. In conclusion, ionic complexation approach can be used to increase % EE of charged drugs into lipid nanoparticles.