Preparative isolation of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl inhibitors from Ribes himalense using medium-pressure and two-dimensional reversed-phase/reversed-phase liquid chromatography guided by an online HPLC-1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl assay.


Liu C(1)(2), Lei Y(2), Dang J(1), Wang W(1)(2), Zhang J(1)(2), Mei L(1), Liu Z(1), Tao Y(1), Shao Y(1).
Author information:
(1)Key Laboratory of Tibetan Medicine Research, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining, Qinghai, P. R. China.
(2)University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, P. R. China.


The lack of suitable chromatographic purification methods makes it a challenge to effectively isolate the chemical components of traditional Tibetan medicines. Ribes himalense is a rarely studied Tibetan medicine, reputed to have free radical-scavenging effects. In the present work, we utilized it as a model herb to highlight an approach for the separation of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl inhibitors via medium-pressure chromatography and two-dimensional reversed-phase/reversed-phase interaction liquid chromatography under the guidance of an online high-performance liquid chromatography-1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl assay. Finally, we obtained two free radical inhibitors (>95% purity) from the R. himalense extract. This is the first report of the rapid isolation of these free radical inhibitors from R. himalense. This method can be useful in quality standard assessment and further pharmacological activity research, and may be used as a reference for the composition research of various natural products.