Prevalence, management and ethnobotanical investigation of hypertension in two Guinean urban districts.

Affiliation

Department of Pharmacy, University Gamal Abdel Nasser of Conakry, BP 1017, Guinea; Research and Valorization Center on Medicinal Plants Dubreka, BP 6411 Conakry, Guinea. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Hypertension is an important public health challenge in low- and middle-income countries, and in many African countries including Guinea medicinal plants are still widely used for its treatment.
METHODS : The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension in two Guinean urban districts (Pounthioun and Dowsare), to describe its management and to collect information on traditional herbal remedies. A total of 316 participants entered the study, 28.2% (89/316) men and 71.8% (227/316) women. Of these, 181 were from Dowsare (50 men and 131 women) and 135 from Pounthioun (39 men and 96 women). The mean age of subjects was 40.8 ± 14.0 years (range18 - 88years), while the majority of subjects (63.3% or 200/316) were 45-74 years old.
RESULTS : The overall prevalence of hypertension was 44.9% (142/316): 46.4% (84/181) from Dowsare and 43.0% (58/135) from Pounthioun. Ethnobotanical investigations among hypertensive patients led to the collection of 15 plant species, among which Hymenocardia acida leaves and Uapaca togoensis stem bark were the most cited. Phytochemical investigation of these two plant species led to the isolation and identification of isovitexin and isoorientin from H. acida, and betulinic acid and lupeol from U. togoensis.
CONCLUSIONS : The presence of these constituents in Hymenocardia acida leaves and Uapaca togoensis stem bark may at least in part support their traditional use against hypertension in Guinea.

Keywords

Ethnobotanical investigation,Hymenocardia acida leaves,Hypertension,Uapaca togoensis stem bark,