Wang X(1), Wang W(2), Lv H(3), Zhang H(1)(4), Liu Y(1), Zhang M(1), Wang Y(1), Tan Z(5). Author information:
(1)Henan Key Laboratory of Ion-Beam Bioengineering, School of Agricultural
Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.
(2)The Third Affiliated Hospital Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, China.
(3)School of Food Science and Technology, Henan University of Technology,
(4)School of Food and Biological Engineering, Henan University of Animal
Husbandry and Economy, Zhengzhou, China.
(5)Henan Key Laboratory of Ion-Beam Bioengineering, School of Agricultural
Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China. [Email]
In this study, we aimed to characterize lactic acid bacteria strains derived from infants' feces, to evaluate the probiotic potential and explore the wide-spectrum antimicrobial activity. Of 800 isolates, 20 inhibited the growth of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli K88 and Salmonella enterica ATCC 13076. On the basis of 16S rRNA sequence analysis, the 20 isolates were assigned to Lactobacillus casei (7), Lactobacillus paracasei (2), Lactobacillus plantarum (4), Lactobacillus rhamnosus (2), Enterococcus avium (3), Enterococcus faecium (1), and Enterococcus lactis (1) species. In addition, 12 strains with high antimicrobial activity were investigated for the presence of probiotic properties such as physiological-biochemical characteristics, antimicrobial susceptibility, hemolytic activity, hydrophobicity, and aggregation activity. Wide-spectrum antimicrobial activity analysis revealed that approximately all tested strains inhibited the ten pathogens, and four strains (ZX221, ZX633, ZX3131, and ZX3875) had good probiotic properties and survived after being exposed to simulated gastrointestinal tract conditions. Moreover, we investigated the influence of pH on the wide-spectrum antimicrobial activity and found that four strains inhibited most pathogens at pH 4.5 and pH 5, whereas only ZX633 had an inhibitory effect on Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 and Micrococcus luteus ATCC 4698 at pH 5.5. Overall, Lact. casei ZX633 had wide-spectrum antimicrobial activity and could be considered a potential probiotic.
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