Protein and energy intake improved by in-between meals: An intervention study in hospitalized patients.


Kulinarium, Patient Kitchen, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark. Electronic address: [Email]


Disease related malnutrition is a major problem in hospitals. Malnutrition in hospitalized patients is caused by many factors. Among these factors are decreased appetite and early satiety, and reaching nutritional requirements in nutritional risk patients is a challenge when using ordinary energy and protein dense food. The aim of this study was to examine if total protein and energy intake in medical and surgical patients at nutritional risk could be improved by protein fortified and energy rich in-between meals.


Energy-protein malnutrition,Food fortification,Hospital meals,In-between meals,Patients,Product development,Protein fortification,

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