Protein-protein interaction analysis highlights the role of septins in membrane enclosed lumen and mRNA processing.


INSERM, Unité 1193, Villejuif, F-94800, France; Université Paris-Sud, UMR-S 1193, Villejuif, F-94800, France. Electronic address: [Email]


Septins are a family of GTP-binding proteins that assemble into non-polar filaments which can be recruited to negatively charged membranes and serve as a scaffold to recruit cytosolic proteins and cytoskeletal elements such as microtubules and actin so that they can perform their important biological functions. Human septins consist of four groups, each with 13 members, and filaments formation usually involve members from each group in specific positions. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that drive the binding of septins to membranes and its importance to their biological functions. Here we have built a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network around human septins and highlighted the connections with 170 partners. Functional enrichment by inference of the network of septins and their partners revealed their participation in functions consistent with some of the roles described for septins, including cell cycle, cell division and cell shape, but we also identified septin partners in these functions that had not previously been described. Interestingly, we identified important and multiple connections between septins and mRNA processing and their export from the nucleus. Analysis of the enrichment of gene ontology cellular components highlighted some important interactions between molecules involved in the spliceosome with septin 2 and septin 7 in particular. RNA splicing regulates gene expression, and through it, cell fate, development and physiology. Mutations in components of the in the splicing machinery is linked to several diseases including cancer, thus taken together, the different analyses presented here open new perspectives to elucidate the pathobiological role of septins.



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