Proteomic analysis reveals the effects of melatonin on soybean root tips under flooding stress.

Affiliation

Wang X(1), Li F(1), Chen Z(1), Yang B(2), Komatsu S(3), Zhou S(4).
Author information:
(1)College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.
(2)College of Life Sciences and Medicine, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China.
(3)Faculty of Environmental and Information Sciences, Fukui University of Technology, Fukui 910-8505, Japan.
(4)College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Flooding constrains soybean growth, while melatonin enhances the ability of plants to tolerate abiotic stresses. To interpret the melatonin-mediated flooding response in soybeans, proteomic analysis was performed in root tips. Retarded growth and severe cell death were observed in flooded soybeans, but these phenotypes were ameliorated by melatonin treatment. A total of 634, 1401, and 1205 proteins were identified under control, flood, and flood plus melatonin conditions, respectively; and these proteins were predominantly associated with metabolism of protein, RNA, and the cell wall. Among these melatonin-induced proteins, eukaryotic aspartyl protease family protein was increased after flood compared with melatonin treatment group, in accordance with its upregulated transcript levels during stress. Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A was decreased after flood compared with melatonin. When stress was prolonged, its transcript levels were upregulated by flood, while they were not changed by melatonin. Furthermore, 13-hydroxylupanine O-tigloyltransferase was decreased by flood compared with melatonin; however, its transcription was upregulated by melatonin. In addition, reduced lignification in root tips of flooded soybeans was restored by melatonin. These results suggest that factors related to protein degradation and functional states of RNA play critical roles in promoting the effects of melatonin on soybean plants under flooding. SIGNIFICANCE: Flooding stress threatens soybean growth, while melatonin treatment enhances plant tolerance to stress stimuli. To examine the effects of melatonin on flooded soybeans, morphological analysis was performed. Melatonin promoted soybean growth as judged from greater fresh weight of plant, longer seedling length, and less evident cell death in flooding-stressed soybeans treated with melatonin than those plants exposed to flood alone. Proteomic analysis was conducted to explore the promoting effects of melatonin on soybeans under flooding stress. As a result, metabolism of protein metabolism, RNA regulation, and cell wall was enriched by proteins identified under control, flood, and flood plus melatonin conditions. Among these melatonin-induced proteins, abundance of eukaryotic aspartyl protease family protein, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A, and 13-hydroxylupanine O-tigloyltransferase displayed similar change patterns between the control and melatonin compared with flood; and transcript levels of genes encoding these proteins responded to flooding stress and melatonin treatment. In addition, activated cell degradation, expanded intercellular spaces, and reduced lignification in root tips of flooded soybeans were ameliorated by melatonin treatment.