Protocatechualdehyde reduces myocardial fibrosis by directly targeting conformational dynamics of collagen.


State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China. Electronic address: [Email]


Myocardial fibrosis is associated with cardiovascular remodeling, which is characterized by abnormal collagen architecture. However, there are not yet effective strategies targeting this abnormal pathological process. The purpose of our study is to investigate the effect of protocatechualdehyde (PCA) on myocardial fibrosis for exploring the underlying target protein and molecular mechanism. We found PCA significantly suppressed isoprenaline (ISO)-induced fibrosis and collagen deposition in myocardial tissue. Then, the direct pharmacological target of PCA was identified as collagen I using cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA) coupled with stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) technology. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis further confirmed the specific binding of PCA with collagen I. Moreover, collagen self-assembly assay and atomic force microscope analysis confirmed that PCA directly modulated collagen conformational dynamics. LC-MS/MS analysis was applied to determine lysine residues as the binding sites of PCA on collagen I by covalently cross-linking reaction. Collectively, our study suggests that PCA controls cardiovascular remodeling by mediating diffuse interstitial myocardial fibrosis. Moreover, directly targeting collagen may be a promising strategy for the treatment of heart failure and resultant myocardial fibrosis.


Collagen,Conformational dynamics,Myocardial fibrosis,Protocatechualdehyde,Target identification,

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