Psychological characteristics of suicide attempters among undergraduate college students in China: a cross-sectional study.

Affiliation

Lew B(1), Osman A(2), Chan CMH(3), Chen WS(4), Ibrahim N(5), Jia CX(6)(7), Siau CS(8).
Author information:
(1)Department of Social Psychology, Faculty of Human Ecology, Putra University of Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
(2)Department of Psychology, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA.
(3)Centre for Community Health Studies
(ReaCH), Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. [Email]
(4)Faculty of Health, Arts and Design, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
(5)Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
(6)School of Public Health, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China.
(7)Shandong University Center for Suicide Prevention Research, Jinan, China.
(8)Centre for Community Health Studies
(ReaCH),Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is a need to understand the psychological characteristics of suicide attempters to prevent future suicide attempts. This study aims to examine potential differences between individuals who have attempted suicide and those who have not done so, on several risk and protective measures. METHOD: Participants were 11,806 undergraduate students from seven provinces in China, of which 237 reported a non-fatal suicide attempt. We used the random numbers generator function within the SPSS to randomly select a control subset of 1185 participants to be used as the comparison group based on a 1:5 case-control ratio. Scores on three commonly used risk measures (depression, hopelessness, and psychache) and three protective measures (social support, self-esteem, and purpose in life) for suicidality were adopted to compare the responses of the two groups. RESULTS: Suicide attempters had indicated higher Median scores for all three risk factor measurements. Suicide attempters also reported significantly lower Median scores for all three protective factor measurements compared to non-suicide attempters. The results suggest that the suicide attempters' group had higher risks of suicidality compared to the non-attempter group. CONCLUSIONS: Suicide attempters continued to report higher scores of risk factors and lower scores of protective factors, indicating that they may continue to be at a higher likelihood of a suicide attempt. Key protective factors should be identified for each individual in order to deliver appropriate clinical interventions to reduce their risk of reattempting.