Institute of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China; Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China; Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address: [Email]
HSV-1 infection in corneal epithelium initiates the process of herpes simplex keratitis. We investigated the dynamic change of the host proteins in corneal epithelial cells infected with HSV-1 to understand the virus-host interaction. iTRAQ coupled with LC-MS/MS was applied to quantitatively analyze the protein profiles in HSV-1 infected corneal epithelial cells at 6 and 24 h post-infection (hpi), and the results were validated by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). We also performed bioinformatic analysis to investigate the potentially important signal pathways and protein interaction networks in the host response to HSV-1 infection. We identified 292 proteins were up-regulated and 168 proteins were down-regulated at 6 hpi, while 132 proteins were up-regulated and 89 proteins were down-regulated at 24 hpi, which were validated by MRM analysis. We found the most enriched GO terms were translational initiation, cytosol, poly(A) RNA binding, mRNA splicing via spliceosome and extracellular exosome for the dysregulated proteins. KEGG pathway analysis revealed significant changes in metabolism pathway characterized by decreased tricarboxylic acid cycle activity and increased glycolysis. Proteins interaction network analysis indicated several proteins including P4HB, ACLY, HSP90AA1 and EIF4A3, might be critical proteins in the host-virus response. Our study for the first time analyzed the protein profile of HSV-1 infected primary corneal epithelial cells by quantitative proteomics. These findings help to better understand the host-virus interaction and the pathogenesis of herpes simplex keratitis.