Rapamycin activates mammalian microautophagy.

Affiliation

Department of Chemico-Pharmacological Sciences, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Autophagy-lysosome proteolysis is classified into macroautophagy (MA), microautophagy (mA) and chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA). In contrast to MA and CMA, mA have been mainly studied in yeast. In 2011, mammalian mA was identified as a pathway to deliver cytosolic proteins into multivesicular bodies. However, its molecular mechanism is quite different from yeast mA. Using a cell-based method to evaluate mA and CMA, we revealed that rapamycin, an activator of yeast mA, significantly activated mammalian mA. Although rapamycin activates MA, mA was also activated by rapamycin in MA-deficient cells. These findings suggest that rapamycin is a first-identified activator of mammalian mA.

Keywords

Chaperone-mediated autophagy,Microautophagy,Rapamycin,

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