Regulation of cytokinesis: FtsZ and its accessory proteins.


Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China. [Email]


Bacterial cell division is a highly controlled process regulated accurately by a diverse array of proteins spatially and temporally working together. Among these proteins, FtsZ is recognized as a cytoskeleton protein because it can assemble into a ring-like structure called Z-ring at midcell. Z-ring recruits downstream proteins, thus forming a multiprotein complex termed the divisome. When the Z-ring scaffold is established and the divisome matures, peptidoglycan (PG) biosynthesis and chromosome segregation are triggered. In this review, we focus on multiple interactions between FtsZ and its accessory proteins in bacterial cell cytokinesis, including FtsZ localization, Z-ring formation and stabilization, PG biosynthesis, and chromosome segregation. Understanding the interactions among these proteins may help discover superior targets on treating bacterial infectious diseases.


Bacterial cytokinesis,Division protein,Divisome,FtsZ,Z-ring,