Relation of Platelet Parameters With Incident Cardiovascular Disease (The Dongfeng-Tongji Cohort Study).

Affiliation

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health and Ministry of Education Key Lab for Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Prospective studies on the relations between platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) were still limited. This study aimed to investigate the above-mentioned prospective relations in the middle-aged and older Chinese populations based on the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort. We included 31,751 participants who were free of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, cancer, or severely abnormal electrocardiogram at baseline. During a median follow-up of 5.9 years, we identified 5,683 incident CVD cases, including 4,423 CHD and 1,260 stroke cases. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confident intervals (CIs) for the relation analyses. Compared with participants with 146 ≤ PLT ≤ 233 10E9/L, the adjusted HR (95% CI) of those with PLT < 146 10E9/L was 0.80 (0.68 to 0.95) for incident stroke. Compared with participants with 7.3 ≤ MPV ≤ 10.3 fl, the adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of those with MPV < 7.3 fl were 0.81 (0.75 to 0.88), 0.80 (0.73 to 0.88) and 0.84 (0.71 to 1.00) for incident CVD, CHD and stroke, respectively. Compared with participants with 13.2 ≤ PDW ≤ 18.1 %, the adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of those with PDW < 13.2 % were 0.80 (0.73 to 0.87) and 0.78 (0.70 to 0.86) for incident CVD and CHD, respectively. In conclusion, lower levels of PLT and MPV were significantly related to lower risk of stroke, while lower levels of MPV and PDW were significantly related to lower risks of CVD and CHD.