Relationship between consumption of raw garlic and handgrip strength in a large-scale adult population.

Affiliation

Nutritional Epidemiology Institute and School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China; Health Management Centre, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Environment, Nutrition and Public Health, Tianjin, China; Center for International Collaborative Research on Environment, Nutrition and Public Health, Tianjin, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Garlic-derived organosulfur compounds have numerous potential benefits (e.g. antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects) on human health. Although these functions might be related to the onset and progression of muscle strength decline, no studies have explored the relationship between garlic consumption and muscle strength in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate whether raw garlic consumption is related to handgrip strength in a large-scale adult population.
METHODS : A cross-sectional study (n = 28,958) was performed in Tianjin, China. Frequency of raw garlic consumption was assessed using a valid self-administered food frequency questionnaire. Handgrip strength was measured using a handheld digital dynamometer. Analysis of covariance and multiple logistic regression were used to evaluate the relationship between raw garlic consumption and handgrip strength.
RESULTS : In males, after adjusted potential confounding factors, the least square means (95% confidence intervals) of handgrip strength across raw garlic consumption categories were 42.5 (40.2-44.9) for almost never; 43.0 (40.7-45.5) for <1 time/week; 43.4 (41.0-45.8) for 1 time/week; and 43.8 (41.5-46.3) for ≥2-3 times/week (P for trend <0.0001). The adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of low handgrip strength (<20th percentile of handgrip strength) across the categories of raw garlic consumption in males were 1.00, 0.86 (0.76, 0.98), 0.76 (0.67, 0.87), and 0.66 (0.58, 0.74) (P for trend <0.0001). Similar results were also observed in females.
CONCLUSIONS : The study firstly revealed a positive correlation between raw garlic consumption and handgrip strength in both males and females. Further studies are needed to explore the casual relationship.

Keywords

Adult population,Handgrip strength,Raw garlic,

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